How much is a gallon of milk in each state research summary. We found the cost of a gallon of milk in each state using data from Walmart. Specifically, we measured the average cost of a “Great Value Whole Vitamin D Milk, Gallon, 128 fl oz” from three random locations in each state to find the average price of a gallon of milk in that state. Here are the results.
Hawaii has the most expensive gallon of milk, where a gallon of milk costs $5.98.
Arizona has the cheapest milk, where a gallon of milk costs only $2.27.
The average cost of milk across the United States is $3.17.
The differnce in price from the most expensive state to the least expensive state was $3.71 which is 163.44%.
Ranking The Average Gallon Of Milk Price In Each State
There are many reasons for the regional variance in milk prices. The reasons include:
Regional Supply and Demand
Milk prices vary based on the balance of milk supply and consumer demand in different regions.
The cost of moving milk from farms to stores impacts prices, with higher transportation costs leading to slightly higher prices.
Dairy Farming Practices
How milk is produced, including farm size and feeding methods, affects production costs and, consequently, milk prices.
Dairy Industry Regulations
Government rules, like price supports and subsidies, can influence milk pricing, varying by state.
Weather-driven seasonal changes can affect milk production and, in turn, prices.
Processing and Retail Markup
Costs related to processing, packaging, and retail distribution, along with retailer markup strategies, play a role.
Competition and Market Dynamics
Local competition among dairy processors and retailers can lead to price variations.
Regional preferences for milk types and packaging can impact pricing.
General economic conditions and inflation can influence overall price levels, including milk.
Dairy Industry Trends
Changes in production methods, consumer demand, and technology advancements can also impact milk prices.
States With The Highest Price Of Milk
The most expensive gallon of milk is found in the isolated states of Hawaii and Alaska. In the contiguous United States, Pennsylvania and Maine have significantly higher than average prices.
- Hawaii – $5.98 per gallon
- Alaska – $4.44 per gallon
- Pennsylvania – $4.38 per gallon
- Maine – $4.13 per gallon
- Louisiana – $3.96 per gallon
- New Jersey – $3.89 per gallon
- Missouri – $3.75 per gallon
- Nevada – $3.57 per gallon
- Oregon – $3.54 per gallon
- Mississippi – $3.54 per gallon
States With The Cheapest Price Of Milk
The lowest price for a gallon of milk can be found in the Midwest and Texas.
Average Gallon Of Milk Price In Each State
Methodology: How We Calculated The Cost Of A Gallon Of Milk In Each State
To find the cost of a gallon of milk in each state, we retrieved data on the sale price of one “Great Value Whole Vitamin D Milk, Gallon, 128 fl oz” from three random Walmart locations in each state in the United States on 9/6/2023.
We then averaged those three prices in each state to determine a state average for the price of a gallon of milk in each state.
Finally, we ranked those state averages from highest to lowest.
The price of milk varies dramatically across the United States.
Hawaii holds the distinction of having the most expensive gallon of milk, commanding a price of $5.98.
Conversely, Arizona emerged as the state with the most budget-friendly milk, offering a gallon at a mere $2.27.
The national average for a gallon of milk in the United States stood at $3.17.
A complex interplay of regional dynamics, economic factors, and consumer preferences drives the variations in milk prices across the United States. This research provides valuable insights into the factors influencing these price differentials, shedding light on the country’s diverse and ever-changing landscape of milk pricing.